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怎樣寫好ACT寫作的開頭

2017/5/2 14:22:27來源:新航道作者:新航道

摘要:

  對于久經沙場、橫掃托福、SAT、ACT考試的老兵來說,提到這樣的寫作開頭一定不會陌生:

  With the development of..., more and more people….Some people think… Other argue….In my opinion, ….

  沒錯,這是陪伴我們走過無數條險峰狹路的“萬精油”開頭模板。而對于閱卷人來說,他們早已被這千篇一律的模板開頭麻痹神經,也期待突然的一針興奮劑刺激大腦。要從蕓蕓眾生中脫穎而出,同學們不妨參考以下這種開頭段的吸睛大法:

  提問法

  傳授方法前,我們先看一段CCTV10《走進科學》節目預告詞:

  七旬老太為何慘死街頭?

  數百頭豬為何半夜慘叫?

  民宅房門為何夜夜被敲?

  是瘋狂的爆發還是饑渴的無奈,是人性的扭曲還是道德的淪喪?

  敬請關注今晚8點CCTV10年度巨獻《走近科學》,讓我們跟隨著鏡頭走進變態狂的內心世界…

  《走進科學》的預告,總是能十足地吊起人的胃口。究其原因,就是因為用了特別出彩的“提問法”。精心設計的提問可以刺激讀者的好奇心,并激發讀者去尋找答案。這個方法我們也可以靈活運用于ACT寫作的開頭段中。

  請記住提問法開頭結構:

  提問+分析+觀點

  舉兩個例子:

  【例題1】

  Place for education:

  Perspective1: Schools are better places for education because institutions like schools are more likely to combine a myriad of resources for better use.

  Perspective2: Education does not necessarily take place in schools as long as the educated can be imparted with valuable things that might do favor for their future.

  Perspective3: Home schooling can also be an alternative for education because receiving education at home helps the educated to be free from unnecessary disturbance.

  【開頭段Sample】Are schools the best place for children to receive education? Or are there any other alternatives available? When talking about places for education, the first thing that comes into our mind is classroom education. However, recently, more and more parents have chosen home schooling for their teenagers. Parenting, surely, counts in education system; whereas, education can take various forms as long as the educated could be enlightened or inspired during the process.

  【解析】開頭利用兩個問題“學校是否是接受教育的最佳場所”“有沒有其他選擇”引發讀者思考。緊接著利用該問題引發的深思進一步分析有關受教育場所的問題。最后正式過渡到作者的立場,即Perspective2:教育可以有不同的形式。

  看完這個開頭,如果你覺得兩個提問還不過癮,沒關系,我們還有下面的高能版。

  【例題2】

  STEM education:

  Many people believe that a background in STEM — science, technology, engineering and mathematics — is needed to succeed in the 21st century. As technological advancements continue to reshape society, people with STEM training are more likely to be in increasing demand as they apply for colleges or seek a job. However, students do not seem to share the enthusiasm for STEM education. Research suggests that their interest and participation in such fields are declining. Given that students are not interested in STEM, it is worthwhile to value STEM education.

  Perspective1: The purpose of education is to prepare students to get a good job. Highest-paying jobs require knowledge in STEM.

  Perspective2: It is much more than a high-paying job to be fulfilled in life. The happiest people work at what they love.

  Perspective3: No one can predict what a job in tomorrow will require. The basic, well-rounded education is best for most people.

  【開頭段Sample】Do you remember the joy of solving a difficult equation on your own as a student? Do you remember the pleasure of listening to those greatest immortal souls in science? Do you remember the excitement when you finally discover how CPU works as an integrated part? These experiences keep reminding us how fun STEM education is. To students who have great interest in STEM, it would be an ideal gift if they continue to learn STEM.

  【解析】開頭3個“Do you remember…?”將提問法和排比修辭相結合,語氣瞬間增強3倍。一句話簡短分析了理工教育的趣味后,引出了立場:對于喜歡理工科的學生來說,學習使它們快樂,即觀點2。提問數量控制在3個以內為宜,既不會造成虎頭蛇尾的感覺,也不會耽擱太多時間,畢竟文章重點還是要放在中間段。

  以上就是ACT開頭段提問法的精髓。關注上海新航道 可了解更多內容,新航道ACT小編會在新航道ACT頻道 定期跟新,ACT閱讀 ,ACT詞匯 ,ACT寫作 ,ACT科學 ,ACT數學 方面的內容!

請加sunny老師(微信號:shnc_2018

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